SYMPHONIES AND STRING QUARTETS

1st movement                     2nd movement                       3rd movement                4th movement
fast and in sonata form       slow, uses various forms       minuet and trio               fast
                                           uses a closely related key      uses a meter of 3            uses sonata form, rondo form
                                                                                         ABA (ternary) form       or sonata-rondo form (a combination)

CONCERTOS AND PIANO SONATAS

1st movement                     2nd movement                            3rd movement
fast and in sonata form       slow, uses various forms            fast
                                           uses a closely related key           uses sonata form, rondo form
                                                                                              or sonata-rondo form (a combination)
 
 
 

SONATA FORM

            EXPOSITION                                     DEVELOPMENT                       RECAPITULATION                    CODA
            (STATEMENT)                                  (FANTASIA)                               (RESTATEMENT)                       (TAIL)

(Intro.) :T1----trans.------T2---trans.---Close:  messes with the themes                T1---trans.---T2---trans.---Close    ending
             :tonic-modulates-dominant or--------:  wanders through different keys    tonic (home base)---------------------------
                                        relative major            changes textures
                                                                         unstable/creates drama

T1=Theme 1
trans.=transition
T2=Theme 2
Close=closing section

Note: Theme 2 often has a different emotional character than Theme 1; Theme 2 is often sweeter and more relaxed sounding, and Theme 1 bolder and aggressive sounding
 
 

THEME AND VARIATION FORM

Main theme
Variation I of the main theme
Variation II of the main theme
Variation III of the main theme
Variation IV of the main theme
etc.
Coda (ending)
 
 

ABA (TERNARY) FORM

   Minuet             Trio                Minuet
       A                   B                      A
:a:     :b  a :     :c:     :d  c:         a      b  a
 

RONDO FORM

A   B    A   C    A    B    A    Coda